What is Ruqyah?
Ruqyah is an Arabic word, which is widely used to describe the use of the Qur’an and duas/adhkaar established from Prophetic teachings as a means of treatment, healing and protection. It is an authenticated method of seeking refuge and assistance from Allah swt, and can be used to alleviate psychological, physical and spiritual ailments. More commonly, Ruqyah is used as a treatment for jinn possession (mass), magic (sihr), evil eye (nadhar) and envy (hasad). A person who practices Ruqyah on others is known as a Raaqi.
“And We sent down of the Qur'an that which is healing and mercy for the believers, but it does not increase the wrongdoers except in loss” (Surah Isra, Verse 82)
Ummul Mu’mineen Sayyidah Aisha r.a narrated that when The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon Him) was sick, Sayyidinah Jibril a.s. performed Ruqyah on him (Narrated by Muslim)Abu Saeed al-Khudri said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon Him) used to seek refuge with Allah from the jinn and from the evil eye until the Mu’wadatain (Surah Al-Falaq and Surah An-Naas) were revealed, and when they were revealed he started to recite them and not anything else”
(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2058; Also narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 5494; Ibn Maajah, 3511).
In present times, during sickness, we frequently and solely turn to various types of mainstream medication which focuses on the tangible and apparent. Although, there is nothing wrong in this, it is equally important not to neglect and gain sufficient knowledge of the importance of practicing Ruqyah; for the benefit of ourselves and others.
Ummul Mu’mineen Sayyidah Aisha r.a. narrated - whenever The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon Him) became sick, he would recite Surah Al-Falaq and Surah An-Naas and then blow his breath over his body. When he became seriously ill, I used to recite (these two Surahs) and rub his hands over his body for its blessings. (Narrated by Saheeh Al-Bukhari)
There are many misconceptions surrounding the practice of Ruqyah, however in its essence, it is a means of attaining closeness to Allah swt. With the correct intentions and methods, Ruqyah becomes an act of worship, a Sunnah exemplified, a purification and inshaAllah a means for cure. In line with the fundamental aspects of ones Emaan, Ruqyah takes away the emphasis from focusing on the creation, but gives importance to recognising, believing and relying in the power and might of Allah swt alone.
When seeking out treatment with a Raaqi, it is important to void anything that contradicts therequirements of Ruqyah Shar’iyaah, anything that verges towards shirk, and, taking assistance from and calling upon other than Allah swt. This type of Ruqyah is completely prohibited in the Deen, though it is common trend amongst many ‘spiritual healers’.
Things to avoid include:
- Shirk, seeking assistance and refuge from other than Allah swt.
- Magicians, soothsayers, witchcraft or fortune-tellers.
- The use of amulets, charms, strings and talisman.
- Using words that cannot be easily understood or prohibited words – chanted or in written format i.e. ta’weedh.
- Prohibited, strange or bizarre actions that need to be performed alongside Ruqyah.
Cure for any disease can only be with the permission of Allah swt, and, by following in the footsteps of The Prophet of Allah peace be upon him, we can hope to attract Allah swt’s vast mercy, love and inshaAllah a complete cure and protection from all evil.